Learning Objectives

  1. Discuss the European public’s loss of optimism at the end of the nineteenth century and how it provided a fertile ground for Freud’s theorizing.
  2. Review the five axes of the DSM-5.
  3. Appraise the approaches to mental health and therapy before Freud.
  4. Compare and contrast Freud’s technique of free association to a normal hour of conversation with a friend.
  5. Critique Freud’s criterion of therapeutic success.
  6. Propose some examples from your experience that might support Jung’s collective unconscious.
  7. List the ways that Adler’s therapy differed from Freud’s.
  8. Interpret how Anna Freud’s work at the Hampstead War Nurseries affected how hospitals changed their handling of children’s long-term stays.