Learning Objectives

9.1 Explain how the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review was established.

9.2 Identify characteristics of the three eras of judicial review exercised by the Court.

9.3 Describe the structure of the federal judiciary.

9.4 Relate the judicial decisionmaking process.

9.5 Discuss the Supreme Court’s place in the separation of powers and the role of principal–agent theory.

9.6 Assess to what extent the Supreme Court’s judicial review is checked by other branches of the government.