Learning Objectives

By reading this chapter, you will be able to do the following:

4.1 Define civil liberties and understand the key role they play in American political life.

4.2 Describe the civil liberties outlined in the Constitution and the amendments to it and the process by which they were incorporated.

4.3 Explain the First Amendment protections granted to religion.

4.4 Outline the First Amendment protections concerning freedom of expression.

4.5 Summarize the civil liberties guaranteed by the Bill of Rights to those accused of crimes.

4.6 Understand the role that the Ninth and Tenth Amendments play in shaping the protection of freedoms in the nation and across the states.