Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 8, you should be able to do the following:

8.1 Discuss current trends in authoritarian rule

8.2 Explain the “dictator’s dilemma” and what it means for authoritarian regimes

8.3 Articulate the role of elections, parties, and legislatures in authoritarian regimes

8.4 Explicate the function of clientelism and civil society in authoritarian regimes