Learning Objectives

12.1 Discuss substance use in adolescence, including its prevalence, correlates, and risk and protective factors.

12.2 Summarize influences, correlates, and treatment of depression, suicide, and nonsuicidal self-injury.

12.3 Discuss the trajectory of delinquency and influences on delinquency in adolescence.

12.4 Discuss the concept of resilience and the positive youth development approach to fostering adaptation in adolescence.