Learning Objectives

  1. To understand some of the early forms of punishment and see how current forms stem from them.
  2. To understand how crime control has been rooted in social class and control of the underclasses.
  3. To grasp some of the penal inventions that have supported economic developments, such as colonization of the New World.
  4. To be able to discuss how prison labor has supported economic enterprises at various times in Western history.
  5. To understand the philosophic basis of the Quaker approach to early institutions of confinement in the United States.
  6. To be able to describe the thinking behind the Auburn System and the ideas of Zebulon Brockway and explain why they represented a departure from the thinking that preceded them.
  7. To grasp how the civil rights movement of the 1960s affected the criminal justice system.
  8. To explain the main influences on the demise of the rehabilitative ideal during the 1970s and 1980s.
  9. To review significant changes in corrections policy in the past two decades.