Learning Objectives

12.1   What does it mean to look at education as a social institution?

12.2   How do historical moment, the social structure, and changing systems of production shape the functions of education over time and across place?

12.3   How do functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interaction approach and explain education as an institution?

12.4   How does education reproduce social inequality?

12.5   What are the central issues facing global education today?

12.6   How do policy debates surrounding pre-K, K–12, and higher education all revolve around the tension between public education and individual choice and responsibility for accessing opportunities and achieving success?