Learning Objectives

10.1   How do sociologists define the state?

10.2   Where does the state’s monopoly on the legitimate use of violence come from?

10.3   How does the state determine who gets to control its power?

10.4   How do states that legitimate the power of their leaders in different ways evolve different forms of government?

10.5   What different answers do pluralism, elite theory, and class domination theory provide to the question of “who rules America”?

10.6   How have changes in the way societies produce goods and services in the modern era been linked to changes in the way societies consume?

10.7   How do capitalism and socialism differ?

10.8   How are communism and fascism distinct from other political and economic systems?