SAGE Journal Articles
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Journal Article 6.1: Olsen, E. O., Vivolo-Kantor, A., & Kann, L. (2017). Physical and Sexual Teen Dating Violence Victimization and Sexual Identity Among U.S. High School Students, 2015. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 1-20
Abstract: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at risk for many negative behaviors associated with teen dating violence victimization (TDVV). This study describes the prevalence of physical and sexual TDVV by sexual identity and quantifies the increased risk for TDVV among LGB youth compared with heterosexual youth. The participants for this study were students in Grades 9 to 12 participating in the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) who responded to questions ascertaining sexual identity and both physical and sexual TDVV. Data were analyzed by sexual identity, stratified by sex, and controlled for race/ethnicity and grade in school. Frequencies of physical and sexual TDVV and prevalence of TDVV from a combined TDVV measure were calculated. Associations between these behaviors and sexual identity were identified. Generally, LGB youth had greater prevalence and frequency of TDVV compared with heterosexual youth. Prevalence of TDVV within sexual identity subgroups further differed by sex. Students who were not sure of their sexual identity had the highest risk of most categories of TDVV when adjusting for sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school. These results are the first to use a nationally representative sample to describe frequency of TDVV and to determine prevalence of a combined physical and sexual TDVV measure by sexual identity among youth. Schools, communities, and families can help prevent teen dating violence and ameliorate the potential impacts of these victimizations.
Learning Objective: 6.6 Describe some potential challenges to adolescent development, 6.7 Give examples of risk factors and protective factors for adolescent development, 6.8 Apply knowledge of adolescence to recommend guidelines for social work engagement
Abstract: A qualitative investigation examined aspirations of youth experiencing significant educational, legal, or emotional difficulty. A research panel of five professional school counselors analyzed transcripts from interviews of 15 youth having multiple risk factors. Data revealed that, despite considerable obstacles, these young people typically held clear hopes for future education, careers, family relationships, civic involvement, and personal satisfaction. The findings underscore the importance of school counselors’ advocacy for youth in crisis.
Learning Objective: 6.6 Describe some potential challenges to adolescent development, 6.7 Give examples of risk factors and protective factors for adolescent development
Journal Article 6.3: Burdete, A. M., Needham, B. D., Taylor, M. G., and Terrence, D. H. (2017). Health Lifestyles in Adolescence and Self-Rated Health into Adulthood. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 58(4): 520-536.
Abstract: Do health behaviors cluster together as health lifestyles in adolescence? Are these lifestyles socially patterned? Do these lifestyles impact physical health into adulthood? To answer these questions, we employed data from Waves 1 and 4 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 7,827). Our latent class analysis revealed four health lifestyles: (a) low risk, (b) moderate risk with substance use, (c) moderate risk with inactivity, and (d) high risk. As suggested by health lifestyle theory, membership in these classes varied according to gender, race-ethnicity, and family structure. Consistent with the life course perspective, regression analyses indicated that those in the high-risk lifestyle tend to exhibit worse health in adolescence and adulthood than those in the low-risk lifestyle. Our findings confirm that socially patterned lifestyles can be observed in adolescence, and these lifestyles are potentially important for understanding the distribution of physical health across the early life course.
Learning Objectives: 6.3: Describe some of the transitions made in adolescence, 6.4 Summarize biological, psychological, social, and spiritual development during adolescence.
Abstract: We examine instances of youth cyber aggression, arguing that the close relationships of friendship and romance substantially influence the chances of being targeted. We investigate networks of friendship, dating, and aggression among a sample of 788 eighth- to twelfth-grade students in a longitudinal study of a New York school. Approximately 17 percent reported some involvement in cyber aggression within the past week. LGBTQ youth were targeted at a rate over four times that of their heterosexual peers, and females were more frequent victims than males. Rates of cyber aggression were 4.3 times higher between friends than between friends of friends. According to both an exponential random graph model and a lagged, network MRQAP regression, electronic attacks emerged far more frequently between current or former friends and dating partners, presumably due to competition, revenge, or attempts to fend off romantic rivals.
Learning Objective: 6.2 Analyze how the status of adolescence has varied across time and place, 6.3 Describe some potential challenges to adolescent development