Learning Objectives

  1. Describe the two fundamental elements of a crime and the voluntariness requirement of actus reus. Identify two examples of involuntary acts under the Model Penal Code (MPC).
  2. Define and compare types of intent and the four states of mind recognized by the MPC, strict liability, and vicarious liability.
  3. Define concurrence and identify its two aspects.
  4. Define attendant circumstance and element analysis.
  5. Define and compare the two forms of causation and how an intervening superseding cause impacts an individual’s culpability.