- Describe the basic arguments of early political theorists in ancient Greece, Rome, and later medieval Europe.
- Understand the influence of religion, and in particular Christianity, on political theory and the origins of the Enlightenment.
- Outline the political theory of liberalism, including its tenets, adherents, and contributors.
- Summarize challenges to liberalism, including those of Karl Marx.
- Describe modern political thought and its leading theorists and perspectives.