Learning Objectives

After finishing this chapter, you should be able to:

8.1 Explain the roles and responsibilities of prosecutors and summarize the similarities and differences in the responsibilities of federal- and state-level prosecutors.

8.2 Explain the roles and responsibilities of defense attorneys and identify how defense lawyers are able to defend a person who may be guilty.

8.3 Describe the events that lead to the charging of defendants and the role of grand juries in this process.

8.4 Summarize the considerations used by the court to determine if bail is appropriate.

8.5 Describe the positive and negative aspects of plea bargaining.

8.6 Identify the procedures related to discovery, motions, and scheduling undertaken before trial.

8.7 Explain how jurors are selected and why the role of the jury is essential to the courts.

8.8 Summarize issues of diversity among defendants, jurors, and those sentenced for crimes.

8.9 Evaluate the impact of technology on courtroom events.