Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to

  1. Define and provide examples of probable cause
  2. Explain the rationale for, ramifications of, and exceptions to the exclusionary rule
  3. Distinguish between arrests and searches and seizures with and without a warrant
  4. Review what is meant by “stop and frisk”
  5. Explain generally to what extent the police may use electronic devices in order to obtain information from members of the public
  6. Discuss some significant ways in which the Miranda decision has been eroded
  7. Describe what rights are held by criminal defendants regarding the right to counsel, for both felony and misdemeanor arrests