Learning Objectives

As a result of reading this chapter, you will be able to

  1. Describe what is meant by community corrections
  2. Explain why the criminal justice system uses alternatives to incarceration
  3. Describe the definitions and origins of probation and parole, as well as the differences between them
  4. Identify the eligibility and rights accorded to people serving terms of probation or parole
  5. Explain the functions of probation and parole officers—and the impact of high caseloads
  6. List and explain the purposes and functions of several intermediate sanctions and alternatives to incarceration
  7. Provide an overview of the risk-need-responsivity (RNR) model for addressing reoffending
  8. Explain the rationale that underlies the use of restorative justice