Quiz

Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through the quiz below. To check your answer click on the orange arrow to the right. 

1. In terms of experimental design, extraneous variables are:

a. inevitable; just don’t let them turn into confounding variables!

b. absent from well-designed experiments

c. the operational definition of the independent variable(s)

d. extra conditions of the independent variable(s)

The correct answer is: b. absent from well-designed experiments

2. Reactivity refers to the effect whereby:

a. a participant responds to an experimental trial

b. demand characteristics influence participant behaviour

c. a stimulus causes a response

d. people’s behaviour is affected by the knowledge that they are being observed

The correct answer is: d people’s behaviour is affected by the knowledge that they are being observed

3. Inferential statistics provide information about:

a. mean, medians and modes

b. measures of dispersion

c. the probability that your scores could occur by chance

d. whether you have proved your hypothesis

The correct answer is: c. the probability that your scores could occur by chance

4. Qualitative data typically come in the form of:

a. numbers

b. words

c. measurements

d. frequencies

The correct answer is: b. words

5. In the context of experimental design, the term ‘conditions’ refers to:

a. the environment in which the experiment is done

b. the criteria that are used to select participants

c. the operational definition of the different values of the independent variable(s)

d. those things that a participant has to agree to before being allowed to take part

The correct answer is: c. the operational definition of the different values of the independent variable(s)

6. Demand characteristics are:

a. the social demands on someone in an experiment

b. the features of a study that gives cues on how someone is meant to behave

c. unwanted influences in an experiment produced by the experimenter

d. the consequences of a self-fulfilling prophecy

The correct answer is: b. the features of a study that gives cues on how someone is meant to behave

7. A double-blind control is an experiment where:

a. the participant is not aware of which condition they are in

b. the experimenter is not aware of which condition the participant is in

c. neither the experimenter nor the participant is aware of which condition the participant is in

d. nobody has got a clue what is going on

The correct answer is: c. neither the experimenter nor the participant is aware of which condition the participant is in

8. What are experimenter effects?

a. the social demands on someone in an experiment

b. the features of a study that gives cues on how someone is meant to behave

c. unwanted influences in an experiment produced by the experimenter

d. the consequences of a self-fulfilling prophecy

The correct answer is: c. unwanted influences in an experiment produced by the experimenter

9. The British Psychological Society has published an ethical code based on four principles. Two of them are respect and responsibility. The other two are:

a. due diligence and integrity

b. competence and integrity

c. due diligence and professionalism

d. professionalism and integrity

The correct answer is: b. competence and integrity

10. Which of the following does NOT describe Photovoice:

a. it is a form of photo-elicitation

b. it is a data collection technique

c. it involves connecting voices to pictures

d. it was originally designed as a way of collecting data about community concerns

The correct answer is: c. it involves connecting voices to pictures