Quiz

Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through the quiz below. To check your answer click on the orange arrow to the right. 

1. The Bouba-Kiki effect is a demonstration of the theory that:

  1. all languages originate from the bouba-kiki language
  2. some words have the same origin in all languages
  3. the naming of objects arose from physical properties of the object
  4. adults innately prefer soft to harsh sounding words

The correct answer is: c. the naming of objects arose from physical properties of the object 

2. The hypothesis that thought and language are distinct processes that don’t interact is known as the:

  1. the identity hypothesis
  2. the modularity hypothesis
  3. the general resources hypothesis
  4. the linguistic relativity hypothesis 

The correct answer is: b. the modularity hypothesis

3. A study of German and Italian languages showing that the gender of a word leads to it being ascribed qualities stereotypical of that gender is evidence for the:

  1. identity hypothesis
  2. modularity hypothesis
  3. general resources hypothesis
  4. linguistic relativity hypothesis (Sapir-Whorf hypothesis)

The correct answer is: d. linguistic relativity hypothesis (Sapir-Whorf hypothesis)

4. What can speech errors tell us about language?

  1. how many words we store in the mental lexicon
  2. what the processes of typical language production involve
  3. how language evolved
  4. how word meanings are learned 

The correct answer is: b. what the processes of typical language production involve

5. Saying ‘the bean is dizzy’ when you meant to say ‘the dean is busy’ is an example of which kind of speech error?

  1. blending
  2. anticipation
  3. substitution
  4. transposition

The correct answer is: d. transposition

6. The big brain theory proposes that:

  1. the bigger the brain the more vocabulary a person has
  2. language evolved because larger brains meant more processing capacity
  3. language evolved faster in those individuals with bigger brains
  4. larger brains meant humans could make gestures more easily 

The correct answer is: b. language evolved because larger brains meant more processing capacity

7. The semantic properties of a word refer to its:

  1. acoustic properties
  2. individual spoken units
  3. meaning
  4. grammatical classification 

The correct answer is: c. meaning

8. In Bock and Levelt’s (1994) serial processing model of speech production the stages occur:

  1. in parallel
  2. in an ordered sequence
  3. in a negative feedback loop
  4. in different order depending on context

The correct answer is: b. in an ordered sequence

9. Which of the following is not regarded as a level in the Dell connectionist model of speech production?

  1. conceptual features
  2. sound features
  3. physical features
  4. frequency features

The correct answer is: d. frequency features

10. Regarding the role of eye movements in reading which of the following does not apply to a saccade?

  1. a saccade can move in a forward or backward direction
  2. saccades are a smooth fluid action across the page
  3. the distance travelled during a saccade generally varies from 1–20 characters
  4. a saccade, once initiated, cannot deviate from its initial trajectory

The correct answer is: b. saccades are a smooth fluid action across the page