Chapter Summary

Chapter 2

Modern psychology traces its immediate origins to the late nineteenth century, when Wilhelm Wundt created his laboratory in Leipzig. Since that time, the discipline has moved to and fro between conceptions of psychology as (1) a natural science and (2) a social science. Much has hinged on the question of focus: to what extent should psychology study the mind and our experiences of the world, and to what extent should it focus on what is externally observable and measurable? Over the past 150 years psychology has developed a range of methods, approaches and measures, yet the central questions remain.