Quiz

 

Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through the quiz below. To check your answer click on the orange arrow to the right. 

1. An attribution refers to the behaviour of:

a. a conclusion made about someone’s disposition

b. attributing someone’s behaviour to situational factors 

c. attributing a cause to an event

d. attributing someone’s behaviour to their disposition 

The correct answer is: c. attributing a cause to an event

 2. An evaluation of a target where we decide what we think and feel towards an object is:

 a. a belief

 b. an attitude

 c. a prejudice

d. an opinion

The correct answer is: b. an attitude

3. The tendency to attribute the actions of a person we are observing to their disposition, rather than to situational variables is termed:

a. attribution bias

b. dispositional attribution error

c. fundamental attribution error

d. dispositional bias

The correct answer is: c. fundamental attribution error 

4. The actor-observer effect refers to the tendency of explaining other people’s behaviour in terms of:

a. dispositional factors

b. situational factors

c. both dispositional and situational factors

d. neither dispositional nor situational factors 

The correct answer is: a. dispositional factors 

5. A disadvantage of using Likert scales in the assessment of attitudes is:

a. they are often difficult to construct

b. they are not very reliable

c. they are time-consuming to fill out

d. they encourage forced answers

The correct answer is: d. they encourage forced answers

6. Correspondent inference theory (CIT) proposes a number of factors that determine the extent to which we attribute observed actions to a disposition or the situation. Which of the following is NOT one of those factors?

a. desirability

b. attractiveness

c. hedonic relevance

d. personalism

The correct answer is: b. attractiveness

7. In his covariation model, Harold Kelly suggests there are three dimensions that we use to make our judgements of cause. Which of the following is NOT one of those dimensions?

a. distinctiveness

b. consistency

c. desirability

d. consensus

The correct answer is: c. desirability

8. One of the main criticisms of the correspondent inference theory is that it:

a. underestimates the extent of our analyses of others’ behaviour

b. does not explain unintentional behaviour

c. does not consider internal factors

d. ignores intentional actions

The correct answer is: b. does not explain unintentional behaviour

9. The cognitive miser model was proposed by:

a. Fiske and Taylor (1991)

b. Fisher and Taylor (1991)

c. Fisher and Talbot (1991)

d. Friske and Talbot (1991)

The correct answer is: a Fiske and Taylor (1991)

10. Persons who attribute much of the cause of what happens to them to control from within themselves are said to have:

a. an internal locus of control

b. an external locus of control

c. an internal locum of control

d. an external locum of control

The correct answer is: a. an internal locus of control