Quiz

Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through the quiz below. To check your answer click on the orange arrow to the right. 

1. Tajfel (1982) saw social groups, not as ‘things’, but as:

  1. entities
  2. systems
  3. processes
  4. structures

The correct answer is: c. processes

2. Entitativity is a term used to refer to a group’s:

  1. coherence
  2. size
  3. influence
  4. compatibility  

The correct answer is: a. coherence 

3. The phenomenon whereby people tend to perform better when they are in front of an audience is called:

  1. social inhibition
  2. social conformity
  3. social facilitation
  4. social performance 

The correct answer is: c. social facilitation

4. The phenomenon whereby people tend to perform worse when they are in front of an audience is called:

  1. social facilitation
  2. social inhibition
  3. social conformity
  4. social malperformance

The correct answer is: b. social inhibition

5. Zajonc and colleges (1969) observed the social facilitation phenomenon in which animals?

  1. cockroaches
  2. chickens
  3. dogs
  4. fish

The correct answer is: a. cockroaches

6. Which of the following is not an explanation for social facilitation / social inhibition?

  1. performance-threat
  2. evaluation apprehension
  3. distraction-conflict
  4. challenge-threat

The correct answer is: a. performance-threat

7. The tendency whereby a group reaches a decision by trying to minimise conflict, neglecting to critically test and evaluate ideas, is termed:

  1. group compromise
  2. group consensus
  3. groupthink
  4. group cohesion 

The correct answer is: c. groupthink 

8. The process whereby the presence of others leads an individual to lose their sense of personal identity is termed:

  1. deindividuation
  2. deindividualisation
  3. individualisation
  4. individuation

The correct answer is: a. deindividuation

9. The tendency whereby groups make decisions which are more extreme than the individuals’ opinions within the group is termed:

  1. group polarisation
  2. group cohesion
  3. group deindividuation
  4. group extremism 

The correct answer is: a. group polarisation

10. In terms of minority influence, the process by which the opinions of the majority shift to agree with the minority is called:

  1. the rolling effect
  2. the minority shift
  3. the majority shift
  4. the snowball effect

The correct answer is: d. the snowball effect