Quiz

Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through the quiz below. To check your answer click on the orange arrow to the right. 

     1. Mood is defined as:

  1. a short-lived feeling
  2. being depressed for more than one month
  3. a prevailing state of feeling
  4. a temporary depression

The correct answer is: c. a prevailing state of feeling

     2. Which of these supports the James-Lange theory of emotion?

  1. emotion is a visceral response producing a behavioural response
  2. artificial induction of visceral changes does not necessarily produce emotion
  3. the viscera are ‘insensitive structures’
  4. visceral changes are the same in many emotions

The correct answer is: a. emotion is a visceral response producing a behavioural response

     3. The direct emotional circuit controlling fear comprises:

  1. eye, thalamus, sensory cortex, hippocampus, pre frontal cortex
  2. eye, thalamus, amygdala, hypothalamus
  3. eye, hypothalamus, visual cortex, striatum
  4. eye, geniculate nucleus, hippocampus, pre frontal cortex

The correct answer is: b. eye, thalamus, amygdala, hypothalamus

      4. The brain wave or event-related potential associated with processing of emotional faces is:

  1. N170
  2. P170
  3. N300
  4. P300

The correct answer is: a. N170

     5. In top-down regulation of responses to emotion the orbito frontal cortex:

  1. incorporates past memory and present context
  2. acts swiftly to produce an automatic response
  3. signals the basic emotion e.g. fear
  4. acts as an interface between visual stimuli and the thalamus

The correct answer is: a. incorporates past memory and present context 

     6. Rejection sensitivity is:

  1. sensitivity in recognising negative emotions
  2. a cognitive bias to interpret social interactions as rejections
  3. increased tendency to reject others
  4. cognitive bias to crave rejection

The correct answer is: b. a cognitive bias to interpret social interactions as rejections

     7. Which of the following are not true of motivation?

  1. it is the drive, incentive or interest to initiate, perform or maintain a behaviour
  2. it is independent of emotion or cognition
  3. it is a preparatory phase prior to action
  4. it may be influenced by rewards and punishments

The correct answer is: b. it is independent of emotion or cognition

      8. According to the revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (Gray and McNaughton, 2000) the behavioural inhibition system (BIS):

  1. detects goal conflict between reward and punishment
  2. gives one a sensitivity to punishment
  3. gives one a sensitivity to reward
  4. encourages inhibition of reward seeking

The correct answer is: a. detects goal conflict between reward and punishment

     9. Why do those with orbitofrontal cortex damage perform poorly on the IOWA gambling task?

  1. choices made are random
  2. inability to respond flexibly
  3. motivated by reward only (not losses)
  4. sensitive to punishment of loss

The correct answer is: c. motivated by reward only (not losses)

     10. According to the incentive sensitisation theory of addiction (Robinson and Berridge, 1993) increased dopamine as a result of repeated drug use leads to:

  1. sensitivity to the rewarding aspect of the drug
  2. neural adaptations in the mesolimbic dopamine system
  3. increased sensitivity seen as facial reactivity to pleasure in the rat
  4. tolerance of the rewarding effect of a drug

The correct answer is: b. neural adaptations in the mesolimbic dopamine system